In the international political order, the global hegemons’ era is about to finalise. The capacity for the sustainment of the “after hegemony“ has diminished, and been replaced by the conditions of the “post-after hegemony“. In the future, all potential hegemons will deny others’ hegemony.
For over two decades, the African union has been functioning with the main agenda to promote unity, peace, and prosperity for all its members. However, since its inception, the AU has been swamped with challenges raging from the rampant insecurity and political turmoil bedevilling the continent.
Belt and Road Initiative; US-China competition; Biden-Xi talks; peacebuilding; Middle East
The current confrontation between the United States and China affects both world politics and the order of the Indo-Pacific region. The Biden administration sees China not only as a threat to the Indo-Pacific region by pursuing its “sphere of influence”, but also as an attempt to become “the world's most influential power”, posing a serious challenge to the United States.
ECOWAS is a regional group of fifteen countries, founded in 1975. Its mission is to promote economic integration in “all fields of economic activity, particularly industry, transport, telecommunications, energy, agriculture, natural resources, commerce, monetary and financial questions, social and cultural matters“
Issues related to maritime claims, access, and the quest for energy resources have always been considered as significant aspects of sea power, strategy and security. The Eastern Mediterranean at the turn of the 21st century is not an exception to that, particularly in the light of recent hydrocarbon discoveries in the region.
Information is power when kept properly and may be cause of failure if it is not conducted and managed in the right way. Today information technologies and global networks enable risk factors to spread easier compare to previous eras of human history.
The very essence of NATO’s role in Euro-Atlantic counter-terrorism (CT) is to protect Allied nations and their citizens from terrorist threat. In the New Strategic Concept (NSC), which was adopted at Lisbon Summit (2010) CT was recognized as a mission by NATO.
The nature of the Mediterranean, its past, present and possible futures, provides some illuminating and arguably important issues, and maybe warnings too, about the developing relationship of states and their interests at sea.
Defense industry and relevant research and development (R&D) and innovation have faced many challenges since the end of the Cold War. As the challenges have long stemmed mainly from increased defense budget cuts, though competition environment and technological asymmetries between dominant and emerging actors, new dynamics are added to such already complex set of factors.
On 1 August 1975 the participating States to the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) adopted the Final Act of Helsinki. This Act, a political document which was not meant to be legally binding, contained the basic principles for East-West dialogue and coexistence.
The problem of terrorism in the twenty first century has given rise to the implementation of sophisticated and evolving counter terror strategies.
Building institutions with ‘integrity’ is important as it requires the population as well as political elites to invest in the system, as what Elkins and Sides refer to as ‘state attachment’ or, more generally, state legitimacy.
The main argument of this paper is that conflicts easily diffuse to neighboring states and regions under specific conditions and by direct or indirect diffusion mechanisms. The diffusion of civil wars is, therefore, a multifactorial process which must be assessed in terms of its catalyzing conditions and its mechanisms of diffusion.
Since Khomeini’s coming to power in 1979, one pillar of Iranian foreign policy is its grand network with the local groups/ Violent Non-State Actors (VNSAs) which the Western world named as terrorist. The second pillar is its uranium enrichment policy in order to have a leverage against the Western efforts to isolate it from the international society.
Against the backdrop of religious brotherhood and trade between the Arabian Gulf and the African Continent, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia seeks to broaden its sphere of influence around the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden.
NATO alliance is the strongest military security organization of our day. On the other hand, the competition on the power balance between Russia and USA reflects on NATO and European security, impacting Euro-Atlantic security negatively.
The long-awaited 'National Security Strategy has finally been issued by the Biden administration. An interim national security paper was produced last year that emphasized China's escalating aggression, claiming that the United States is under siege.
The Gaza Strip, or simply Gaza, is a penne-exclave region of the State of Palestine on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel owned the Gaza Strip from 1967 until 2005. In 2005, according to Oslo Agreement signed with the Palestine Administration, Israel continues to control air space, water sources and coastal shipment.
Over the years, technology has changed by leaps and bounds. The technological advancement in each sector has revolutionized our society and economy to a great length. We cannot escape and ignore technology at any cost. The use of technology has changed how we work, access information, learn, teach, etc.
In this paper, the changes in the global security architecture are examined.
It is designed in three chapters: the security architecture of the Cold War
period, the evolving global security environment by focusing on its pillars and
regulating principles; and the challenges for Turkey.
The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline (sometimes abbreviated as BTC pipeline) transports crude petroleum 1,776 km from the Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli oil field in the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean Sea. The total length of the pipeline in Azerbaijan is 440 km long, in Georgia it is 260 km long and in Turkey is 1076 km long.
War is one of the oldest fact in human history. After human beings developed tool making, they developed organization and therefore war was born. Carl Von Clausewitz developed the strategy to separate the war from a brutal massacre. These two phenomena, which have existed throughout history, were described by a man in the 19th century as a great breakthrough innovation.
Military mobilization have been declared after more than 200 days of “special military operation” conducted against Ukraine’s Independence. Vladimir Putin is reaching for a card has vowed not to use just a few months ago.
This paper aims to analyze the relationship between China and the United Kingdom in the post-Brexit era. With this goal in mind, the paper will first analyze the recent political-diplomatic developments taking place between the two countries. Secondly, the paper will elaborate on the economic dimension of bilateral relations. Thirdly, the paper will focus on discussions about post-Brexit bilateral relations.