Rethinking Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation in Defence/Security Industry: Interoperability of Soldier-Engineer/Scientist

Article

Defense industry and relevant research and development (R&D) and innovation have faced many challenges since the end of the Cold War. As the challenges have long stemmed mainly from increased defense budget cuts, though competition environment and technological asymmetries between dominant and emerging actors, new dynamics are added to such already complex set of factors....

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Oktay BİNGÖL
Central Strategy Institute

1. Introduction

Defense industry and relevant research and development (R&D) and innovation have faced many challenges since the end of the Cold War. As the challenges have long stemmed mainly from increased defense budget cuts, though competition environment and technological asymmetries between dominant and emerging actors, new dynamics are added to such already complex set of factors. One factor is fast changes in global and regional strategic security environments, unpredictable threats, and technologically and cognitively rapid adaptive adversaries. In the years to come, the convergence of emerging trends in the technological, geopolitical and business environments threatens to profoundly disrupt the global defense industry (1).

Consequently, three major issues come forward in any discussion regarding the future of defense industry matters. First is to meet the urgent and future requirements of defense and security institutions in a timely and suitable manner. In the 21st Century where speed is high and quick adaptation is a must, current operational needs take the priority. Thus, defense industry, particularly defense R&D and innovation is expected to field new products in order for the military and security forces to fight the new threats. On the other hand, defense and security industry, especially long-run incremental R&D must respond to the requirements of future threats and future strategic environment in order for nations’ armies to adapt in a timely manner. In addition to these major issues, the sustainability of the defense industry as a business and its contribution to nation’s economy is increasingly questioned.
 
The main question of this article is to find out if the present defense R&D paradigm is effective in meeting new emerging and fast changing requirements and to discuss disruptive innovation as an alternative. In this regard, firstly, dominant paradigm in defense R&D and innovation is analyzed focusing on the western defense industry practices, then crisis of this paradigm and the options to manage it are discussed in the following chapters. Disruptive innovation is taken as an option especially for emerging defense industry actors like Turkey. After a short discussion of Turkish defense industry achievements and
weaknesses, some recommendations in terms of civil-military integration and interoperability of soldier-engineer/scientist are made to facilitate innovations.

(1) Ben FitzGerald, Kelley Sayler, “Creative Disruption: Technology, Strategy and the Future of the Global Defense Industry“, Center for New American Security, June 2014, 7. https://www.cnas.org/publications/reports/creative-disruption-technology-strategy-and-the-future-of-theglobal-defense-industry

Link to the related book: New Security Ecosystem and Multilateral Cost
 
This content is protected by Copyright under the Trademark Certificate. It may be partially quoted, provided that the source is cited, its link is given and the name and title of the editor/author (if any) is mentioned exactly the same. When these conditions are fulfilled, there is no need for additional permission. However, if the content is to be used entirely, it is absolutely necessary to obtain written permission from TASAM.

Areas

Continents ( 5 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 464 ) Actiivities ( 218 )
Areas
Africa 0 148
Asia 0 234
Europe 0 39
Latin America & Carribean 0 34
North America 0 9
Regions ( 4 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 176 ) Actiivities ( 52 )
Areas
Balkans 0 93
Middle East 0 61
Black Sea and Caucasus 0 16
Mediterranean 0 6
Identity Fields ( 2 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 176 ) Actiivities ( 74 )
Areas
Islamic World 0 147
Turkish World 0 29
Turkey ( 1 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 220 ) Actiivities ( 59 )
Areas
Turkey 0 220

As it was firstly held in Türkiye in 2015, the 9th of Istanbul Security Conference with the main theme of "Strategic Transformation in the Ecosystem: Climate, Nourishment, Demography, Meritocracy, Economy, Health, Education, Employment, Family-Youth and City Security" will be held by TASAM National ...;

As the West uses the issue of representation of Africa in international organizations as a tool to strengthen their relations with states in the continent, the sparks of global challenges spread to the U.N., G-20 and BRICS.;

Belt and Road Initiative; US-China competition; Biden-Xi talks; peacebuilding; Middle East;

Turkish Asian Center for Strategic Studies (TASAM) and the Institute for Strategic Studies of National Security Council of Mongolia (ISS) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) agreement. ;

ECOWAS is a regional group of fifteen countries, founded in 1975. Its mission is to promote economic integration in “all fields of economic activity, particularly industry, transport, telecommunications, energy, agriculture, natural resources, commerce, monetary and financial questions, social and c...;

Issues related to maritime claims, access, and the quest for energy resources have always been considered as significant aspects of sea power, strategy and security. The Eastern Mediterranean at the turn of the 21st century is not an exception to that, particularly in the light of recent hydrocarbon...;

Information is power when kept properly and may be cause of failure if it is not conducted and managed in the right way. Today information technologies and global networks enable risk factors to spread easier compare to previous eras of human history.;

The very essence of NATO’s role in Euro-Atlantic counter-terrorism (CT) is to protect Allied nations and their citizens from terrorist threat. In the New Strategic Concept (NSC), which was adopted at Lisbon Summit (2010) CT was recognized as a mission by NATO.;

Istanbul Cyber-Security Forum

The rapid development of information technologies has brought security problems of the same magnitude. In the early years of the Internet, "accessibility" came to the fore among the three important components of information security, "accessibility, confidentiality, and integrity"; First, the development and operation of the Internet were considered, and "confidentiality and integrity" remained in the background.

  • 03 Nov 2022 - 03 Nov 2022
  • Ramada Hotel & Suites by Wyndham İstanbul Merter -
  • İstanbul - Turkey

6th Türkiye - Gulf Defence And Securıty Forum

  • 04 Nov 2022 - 04 Nov 2022
  • Ramada Hotel & Suites by Wyndham İstanbul Merter -
  • İstanbul - Türkiye

5th Türkiye - Africa Defence Security and Aerospace Forum

  • 04 Nov 2022 - 04 Nov 2022
  • Ramada Hotel & Suites by Wyndham İstanbul Merter -
  • İstanbul - Türkiye

4th Marine and Maritıme Security Forum 2022

  • 03 Nov 2022 - 03 Nov 2022
  • Ramada Hotel & Suites by Wyndham İstanbul Merter -
  • İstanbul - Türkiye