A Proposal for an Approach to Increasıng Confidence and Security in the Middle East: Atom for Peace and Prosperity

Article

Introduction Nowadays, it is obvious that the over-demands of the consumption society are not entirely met and can not be satisfied by many people especially in the poor and developing ountries. This is not a sustainable way of life. It can not be denied that it has caused great human migrations, insurrections and conflicts for centuries that eventually feed terrorism....

Introduction

Nowadays, it is obvious that the over-demands of the consumption society are not entirely met and can not be satisfied by many people especially in the poor and developing ountries.
 
This is not a sustainable way of life. It can not be denied that it has caused great human migrations, insurrections and conflicts for centuries that eventually feed terrorism.
 
The conclusion of thousands of reviews, research essays and reports on this fact are not much different than the Turkish proverb which reflects it injust seven plain words.
 
World Bank experts estimate that two billion US dollar must be spent each year for the next 10 years ,totaling approximately to hundred billion, to provide the lowest levels of: nutrition, clean water, housing and energy to poor people in poor countries. Energy expenditures account for 40% of this huge cost.
 
Western emperyalist countries owning and consuming most of world’s richness since centuries to in sustain their richness and selfish way of life since centuries, use every kind of unethical and illegal methods, even war, especially in contradiction with the UN Charter.
 
The main reason for the restrictions imposed on nuclear energy in different parts of the World is that nuclear energy entered the agenda of the world public following the United States detonating two atomic bombs over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
 
On August 6 and 9 respectively during the World War II (1939 - 1945). This enourmous power devastating immediately the cities, killing almost instantly hundred thousands of people, caused world public to worry about sudden death and survival.
 
In the US media and the world media affiliated with it, these fears and worries have been handled constantly and comprehensively. As a result the idea that the uncontrollable deadly nuclear force must be kept under strict and continous inspections has been almost dug into the minds of the world public.
 
From the mid-1950s to the early 1960s, nuclear energy was accepted as a clean mode of energy production which does not cause environmental pollution and “cheap enough to require no meter” 2.
 
Nuclear materials, coal, oil, natural gas cartels, their political supporters and interest groups realized that they cannot compete with the low price of nuclear power. So they started an intensive and continous propaganda throughout the world that nuclear power generation is a type of energy that can lead to an atomic explosion.
 
In order to undermine the clear economic superiority of nuclear power, they have successfully duped the Nuclear Regulatory Body’s officials to adopt numerous and expensive safety and security measures as official criteria which have no real effectivenes.
 
As a result, nuclear energy was stigmatized as a very dangerous and economically uncompetitive energy option.
 

Political Motives

• Acquiring nuclear technology became a highly political issues based on false and phony arguments put forward, especially by the Nuclear Weapon Countries arguing that civilian nuclear applications by the non-nuclear countries are actually intended for military uses.
 
• The assumption of connection between the civilian nuclear technology and the atomic bomb was deeply rooted in the minds of the politicians and the public as an unquestionable sacred principle. This obsession, is the main reason for automatically perceiving and doubting a country’s desire and decision to use nuclear technology for peaceful applications as aimed at clandestine military activities.
 
• Ultimately, politicians, rather than scientists and experts, were the determinants of how nuclear technology should evolve.
 
• Export licensing criteria, legislation and procedures specific to each supplier country have imposed serious restrictions on the peaceful implementation of nuclear technology in general and on access to nuclear power generation in particular.
 
• The London-based “Nuclear Suppliers Club” established in early 1970 to regulate the export of nuclear technology to developing countries, had seriously limited the options of developing countries in choosing the most suitable reactor type for their needs.
 
• Advanced supplier countries, particularly the United States, which have Nuclear Non-Proliferation Laws (NPL) and Treaties (NPT), have created insurmountable obstacles by unilateral interpretation of articles of the Law and the Treaty by imposing conditions more stricter than those agreed at the time of their signature by contracting countries. A. Technical Motives:
 
• Events and accidents at nuclear facilities are spread to the world through exaggerated news presentations by the media, keeping the public’s distrust of this technology alive.
 
It was taken from the book " Security of the Future" of TASAM Publications.

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