Artificial Intelligence in Education Workshop - 6 Final Report

Haber

“Usage of Computer Vision Methods in Education” titled Artificial Intelligence in Education Workshop - 6 was held by the Education, Industry and Technology Institute (ESTEN) on June 19, 2019 at Sarıyer Academy, the educational institution of Sarıyer Municipality in İstanbul....

“Usage of Computer Vision Methods in Education“ titled Artificial Intelligence in Education Workshop - 6 was held by the Education, Industry and Technology Institute (ESTEN) on June 19, 2019 at Sarıyer Academy, the educational institution of Sarıyer Municipality in İstanbul.

In the moderation of Dr. Sevinç TUNALI, the workshop was held with the aim of to evaluate the usage areas of YOLO algorithm used in image processing and object detection, discussing the use of image processing methods in children's drawings. In the workshop, presentation on " YOLO Algorithm" was made by Yavuz KÖMEÇOĞLU and the presentation on "Evaluation of Children's Drawings" by Dr. Sevinç TUNALI.

Image processing methods provide the basic information about the objects that are illustrated, such as distinguishing the objects, identifying and defining details of objects in a drawing. The recent past, image processing techniques were able to solve relatively more primitive problems such as "is there an object or not" or "how similar are the two objects". Today, image processing methods are used in numerous fields such as healthcare, defense industry, security, autonomous vehicles (land, sea and air) and marketing. For instance, in the healthcare field, thanks to image processing technologies, it is possible to detect cancer cells from MR (Magnetic Resonance) images of breast cancer patients with both faster and more accurate target detection. An algorithm developed for skin cancer is able to visually diagnose potential cancer with a high accuracy over a database of approximately 130,000 skin disease images.

The YOLO (You Only Look Once) algorithm, which can detect objects in image processing, is one of the most frequently used algorithms. The foremost reason why YOLO is frequently preferred is that it is faster than other. For example, region-based object detection algorithms such as R-CNN first identify areas where the object is likely to be located, and then carry out separate CNN (Convolutional Neural Network) classifiers there. Although this method gives better results, since an image is subjected to two separate processes, the increase in the number of operations on the image causes a low average of "frame per second" (FPS).


The reason why the YOLO algorithm is so fast is that it can estimate the class and coordinates of all objects in the picture by passing each picture (image) through the neural network at one time. Thus, determination can be made quickly from video or instant viewing. The speed in this determination is especially important for autonomous vehicles. In a motion, driverless vehicle must recognize the objects in the field of view swiftly and decide whether to go or stop just like a human driver.

Image processing technologies were first used in the Intelligent Classroom Behavior Management system developed by HSedu in 2017 within the extent of a commercial product. In the Intelligent Classroom Behavior Management, emotional states during the course are determined by the images taken from the cameras placed in the classroom every 30 seconds are analyzed with facial expressions of the students. The images taken from the cameras are processed with deep learning software called embedded system and it reports to the teacher what emotions the student is in during the course through seven emotions (anger, grief, joy, etc.) represented by facial expressions. Eventually, it is thought that this method gives feedback to teachers and will help them to select the methods by identifying the moments of drawing interest or not. Another image processing application developed by HSedu is the integration of the cameras placed in the school entrances with the face recognition system and automatic identification/attendance control.

In the educational environment, it is also possible to evaluate images other than face recognition by image processing. For example, an evaluation can be made through drawings drawn by children. People have different means of expressing themselves. The most basics of these are (1) Language, (2) Writing and (3) Drawings. The language development level at which children can express themselves is when they around 2 years old. Learning the written language develops latest because it requires the development of certain skills (vision perception, auditory perception, fine motor skills etc.) and it is seen as part of the formal school system. Until a child learns to write, from the age of 2 to 7, one of the most basic means of expression is the drawing. At an early age, children express emotions and the things they see through drawings. Studies on children's drawings have provided improvements about to follow the cognitive development (intelligence) of the child, creativity level, how he/she perceives the world, his/her relationships with his/her environment, his/her personality and his/her inner world from their drawings.


Drawing analysis is one of the methods used by psychologists and pedagogues for quite a long time to understand the emotional and cognitive characteristics of the child. With their drawings, children give important clues about both the world they perceived and their inner world. As children grow up, their drawing become more detailed, proportionate and more realistic. From the point of the development of drawings, there are some striking and very distinctive features that characterize children's paintings in each stage.

Analyzing children's drawings in terms of emotional and cognitive characteristics is both costly and time-consuming because it requires a psychologist and pedagogue to focus on each child's drawing individually. Therefore, this method is preferred only when the monitoring of the child becomes compulsory (anger, abuse, enuresis, encopresis, low school success, etc.). When the child drawings are examined, the influence of imagination is prominently in the figures drawn. For example, a child who is asked to draw a human can draw a human being flying and winged, with some limbs missing or unreal. This and hundreds of similar cases complicate the problem of classifying the contents in this drawing. A child development specialist basically wants to get the following inferences in a drawing: (1) Describing what different objects are (Home, Adult, Child, School, etc.), (2) To understand where the objects in the drawing are, what they do, (3) To understand the information in the drawing such as, objects being near or far to each other according to certain point, dimensions, drawing details, position on drawing paper and their size.

In the light of this information, the experts who analyze the pictures can make inferences about the characteristics of the child such as intelligence, emotional state. It may be possible to digitalize these analyzes by using image processing method.
Presentation and Report Prepared by
Yavuz Kömeçoğlu
Dr. Sevinç TUNALI, ESTEN director

Click for Detailed İnformation
This content is protected by Copyright under the Trademark Certificate. It may be partially quoted, provided that the source is cited, its link is given and the name and title of the editor/author (if any) is mentioned exactly the same. When these conditions are fulfilled, there is no need for additional permission. However, if the content is to be used entirely, it is absolutely necessary to obtain written permission from TASAM.

Areas

Continents ( 5 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 451 ) Actiivities ( 215 )
Areas
Africa 0 144
Asia 0 228
Europe 0 38
Latin America & Carribean 0 34
North America 0 7
Regions ( 4 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 173 ) Actiivities ( 51 )
Areas
Balkans 0 93
Middle East 0 59
Black Sea and Caucasus 0 16
Mediterranean 0 5
Identity Fields ( 2 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 175 ) Actiivities ( 71 )
Areas
Islamic World 0 146
Turkish World 0 29
Turkey ( 1 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 210 ) Actiivities ( 54 )
Areas
Turkey 0 210

Üstüne inceleme yapılan devletin, “modern devlet” yani “burjuva devleti” olduğunu hatırlatmak gerekir. Ancak burada, Pierre Clastres’nin1 ilkel (ilksel) toplulukların, siyasal yapılanmalarıyla “devlete karşı” topluluklar oldukları ve ilksel halkların tarihinin devlete karşı mücadeleler tarihi olduğu...;

Klasik diplomasiye ekonomik, sosyal, kültürel ve insani alanlarda açılım imkanı sunan kalkınma işbirliğindeki aktörlerin etkili koordinasyonu için proje, program ve proaktif inovasyon desteği sağlamak üzere kurulan TASAM Kalkınma ve İşbirliği Enstitüsü’nün resmî internet sitesi yenilendi.;

Emekli Albay Dr. Cengiz Topel Mermer’in “Yeni Soğuk Savaşın Sıcak Cephesi Himalayalar’da Çin-Hint Çatışması” isimli yeni kitabı TASAM Yayınları tarafından kitap ve e-kitap olarak yayımlandı.;

TASAM Başkan Yardımcısı Doç. Dr. Tuğgeneral (E) Fahri ERENEL ve Yüzbaşı (E) Mehmet YÜKSEL’in hazırladıkları, Kore’de, Kıbrıs’ta ve iç güvenlik muharebelerinde savaşmış bazı gazilerimizin anılarını içeren “Gazilerimizden Anılar“ kitabı TASAM Yayınları tarafından yayımlandı. ;

Border security ensures sustainable development of a state. Pakistan has the longest border with Afghanistan known as “Durand Line.“ The borderland is rugged, mountainous and porous unable to control the transition of people across the frontier. Both countries are having a history of strained relati...;

NATO’s ability to accord and shape security environment can be considered in four folds of which all are mutually integrated: Alliance’s solidarity, coherent common vision, consolidated security architecture and the capacity for rational prioritisation, and effective operational conduct. ;

Ladies and gentlemen it is nice to see you. Unfortunately, Covid 19 prevents us from getting together in real. Fortunately, we have the high communications technology at our disposal to continue to do business as usual.;

Istanbul Security Conference, which took place for the first time in Turkey in 2015, was held by TASAM’s National Defence and Security Institute on 05-06 November 2020, under the main theme “Security Institutions of the Future and Strategic Transformation After Covid-19; Army, Police, Gendarmerie, I...;

10. Balkan İletişim Ağı Konferansı

  • 28 Sep 2022 - 30 Sep 2022
  • CVK Park Bosphorus Oteli -
  • İstanbul - Türkiye

"Türkiye - Rusya İlişkileri" Konferansı

  • 22 Jun 2005 - 22 Jun 2005
  • İstanbul - Türkiye

3. Denizcilik ve Deniz Güvenliği Forumu 2021

  • 04 Nov 2021 - 05 Nov 2021
  • İstanbul - Türkiye

İngiltere’nin II. Dünya Savaşı sonrasında Hint Altkıtası’ndan çekilmek zorunda kalması sonucunda, 1947 yılında, din temelli ayrışma zemininde kurulan Hindistan ve Pakistan, İngiltere’nin bu coğrafyadaki iki asırlık idaresinin bütün mirasını paylaştığı gibi bıraktığı sorunlu alanları da üstlenmek dur...

Gündem 2063, Afrika'yı geleceğin küresel güç merkezine dönüştürecek yol haritası ve eylem planıdır. Kıtanın elli yıllık süreci kapsayan hedeflerine ulaşma niyetinin somut göstergesidir.

Geçmişte büyük imparatorluklar kuran Çin ve Hindistan, 20. asırda boyunduruktan kurtularak bağımsızlıklarına kavuşmuş ve ulus inşa sorunlarını aştıkça geçmişteki altın çağ imgelerinin cazibesine kapılmıştır.

Türkiye ile Avrupa Birliği (AB) ilişkilerinin bugünü ve geleceğinin ele alındığı Avrupa Birliği Sempozyumu, Türk Asya Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi (TASAM) ile Türk Avrupa Bilimsel ve Eğitimsel Araştırmalar Vakfı (TAVAK) işbirliğinde 02 Şubat 2018’de İstanbul Taksim Hill Otel’de gerçekleştirildi.

Soğuk savaşın ardından, “yeni dünya düzeni“ olarak adlandırılan dönem, hegomonik bir güç olarak beliren ABD’nin “büyük vaadi“ ile başladı: “Demokrasiyi dünyada yaygınlaştırmak“. Bu “büyük“ vaad, yoksulluk, adaletsizlik ve şiddet dolu bir dünyayı kurmak biçiminde gerçekleşti ve iki “siyasi/askeri“ ar...

1 - İKT Üyesi Ülkeler Düşünce Kuruluşları Forumu 28 - 30 Ocak 2010 tarihleri arasında İstanbul’da yapıcı ve samimi bir ortam içinde cereyan etmiştir.

Türk Asya Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi (TASAM) bünyesinde yaptığımız bilimsel çalışmalar ile Dünya ve Türkiye’deki gelişmeleri kavrama ve analiz etmeye yönelik çabalarımızın ortaya koyduğu açık bir gerçek var: Aktörleri, kuralları, vizyonu eskisinden çok farklı olan yeni bir uluslararası sistem il...

Öncelikle, başta TASAM (Türkasya Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi) ve yöneticileri olmak üzere, bu gezinin gerçekleşmesi için emek ve kaynak harcamış olan tüm tüzel kuruluşlara ve özel insanlara teşekkürle başlamalıyım.