General Characteristics of Turkey’s Membership of International Organizations


In the context of international politics, world encountered with the deregulation process of globalization which increase the importance of international organizations. When defining foreign policies of nations;the...

In the context of international politics, world encountered with the deregulation process of globalization which increase the importance of international organizations. When defining foreign policies of nations;the problems’ like terrorism, transnational organized crime, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, climate change, cultural differences tensions between socities is required multilevel relations and so on.Turkey has also decisive position in international arena because of being in the crossing point of different foreign dynamics.The Turkish perception about international organizations chronologically can be started from Ottoman Times of 19th century.Its perception was Europe oriented way although being as an East Empire.This can be referred with the Paris Congress provisions which Ottoman was respected as European Power .On the other hand,there was a distrust about international creations like League of Nation ,Vienna Congress related with the being of European organizations coming to the World War I and also after it.While constituting the Republic of Turkey, the perspective about international organizations can be associated with the hovering between the closeness about the European way and distrust of European establishments.According to Akgün statement, almost all Turkish diplomats and executives distrustfully approached to multilateral diplomacy who were brought up by Ottoman institutions. The principles of League of Nations –which establish for protecting the international peace- and new Turkish state foreign policy approach-which respect sovereignty and base on reciprocal interest- highly overlapped.Nevertheless, Turkey did not be member of League of Nations until the 1932.Generally, this indicate that the early establishment years of Republic’s Foreign Policy was ground on realist perspective which considered important geopolitical situation of Turkey. Therefore , international organizations were act with suspicion.Only the being matter of national security and national interest , they gave priority organizations like NATO.

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Continents ( 5 Fields )
 Contents ( 430 ) Actiivities ( 194 )
Africa 0 141
Asia 0 217
Europe 0 34
Latin America & Carribean 0 31
North America 0 7
Regions ( 4 Fields )
 Contents ( 173 ) Actiivities ( 51 )
Balkans 0 93
Middle East 0 59
Black Sea and Caucasus 0 16
Mediterranean 0 5
Identity Fields ( 2 Fields )
 Contents ( 175 ) Actiivities ( 71 )
Islamic World 0 146
Turkish World 0 29
Turkey ( 1 Fields )
 Contents ( 208 ) Actiivities ( 54 )
Turkey 0 208

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