Introduction: The Sources of Turkish Grand Strategy - ‘Strategic Depth’ and ‘Zero-Problems’ in Context

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The dramatic changes in Turkish foreign policy and strategy in its regional and international Trelations in the first decade of the new century stands in sharp contrast with that of its immediate past. After the end of the Cold War, Turkey was a prickly power in a tough neighbourhood, one that included two major zones of instability, the Balkans and the Middle East. ...

The dramatic changes in Turkish foreign policy and strategy in its regional and international Trelations in the first decade of the new century stands in sharp contrast with that of its immediate past. After the end of the Cold War, Turkey was a prickly power in a tough neighbourhood, one that included two major zones of instability, the Balkans and the Middle East. On three separate occasions, Turkey came to the brink of war with its neighbours: Armenia in 1992, Greece in 1996 and Syria in 1998. Regular military incursions were launched into Northern Iraq; in the Aegean, continuous tactical military provocations between the Greek and Turkish air force took place. Little movement was evident with regard to Cyprus and at one point Turkey even threatened to annex the northern part of the island. Relations with post-Cold War Russia were tentative and burdened by a long history of tension and conflict. Relations with Iran were soured by the Kurdish conflict and political Islam. Turkey’s overall approach to its neighbours was characterised by confrontation, mistrust, and the use of threats and force. Yet, despite tensions over domestic issues such as human rights, widespread use of torture, and the situation of the Kurdish minority, Turkey remained a strong transatlantic partner.1

 

Source: http://www2.lse.ac.uk/IDEAS/publications/reports/SR007.aspx

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Areas

Continents ( 5 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 406 ) Actiivities ( 172 )
Areas
Africa 65 135
Asia 75 208
Europe 13 28
Latin America & Carribean 12 30
North America 7 5
Regions ( 4 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 167 ) Actiivities ( 44 )
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Balkans 22 92
Middle East 18 56
Black Sea and Caucasus 2 15
Mediterranean 2 4
Identity Fields ( 2 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 172 ) Actiivities ( 66 )
Areas
Islamic World 51 143
Turkish World 15 29
Turkey ( 1 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 197 ) Actiivities ( 48 )
Areas
Turkey 48 197

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