Afghanistan: The Re-emergence of the Taliban and US new offensive- Operation Khanjar

Comment

Afghanistan - a country in turmoil during the reign of the Taliban - seems to be re-emerging in its strength and political ideologies crossing over even to the boarders of Pakistan into the Swat Valley. The Taliban labeled as a “terrorist organization”,have regrouped and are more confident than ever to regain its power in Afghanistan as well as in neighboring Pakistan. ...

Afghanistan - a country in turmoil during the reign of the Taliban - seems to be re-emerging in its strength and political ideologies crossing over even to the boarders of Pakistan into the Swat Valley. The Taliban labeled as a “terrorist organization“,have regrouped and are more confident than ever to regain its power in Afghanistan as well as in neighboring Pakistan. The fall of the Taliban in 2001 swapped away the regime and significantly ouster the regime out of control. This also led to the “spill-over“ effect into Pakistan, where the real danger has been lurking. During 2001 to 2005, a large number of Taliban militants fled to Peshawar in Pakistan while trying to evade capture by the US forces.

The fact remained that the current regime and the United States did not really consider the Taliban to regroup in such a short period and to re-emerge in Pakistan, was a lesson to be learnt. The Taliban - as much as it is an “extremist religious“ regime - was not going to let their guard down by the defeat in 2001.Peshawar was the Taliban’s “safe haven“ to regroup over the years and till today the Taliban still operates from this region. On the other hand the Pakistani forces saw no interest in addressing the “spill-over“ effect during those years .Currently the Taliban is still in control over certain parts of Afghanistan and especially in the Helmand province.

The Helmand province is the largest producer of opium in the world and this is infact the sole economic power of the Taliban to source for material goods as well as for weapons. The Helmand province is out of security forces and government control and is considered a stronghold of the Taliban operating in Afghanistan. The current regime and the US forces did not take seriously the threat of the Taliban and its capabilities after the initial fall in 2001.

The US failure in addressing the cultural and societal environment of Afghanistan in the earlier offensive in 2001 till the end of the Bush Administration is also another factor contributing to the escalation of unrest amongst the Afghan people. As stated in a prior operational article published in the Counter Terrorism Journal, it states that most Afghans live in a “primitive“ dwelling of the fourteenth century ancestry of the British society. This clearly indicates the need to address the Afghan people in “winning the hearts and minds“ in order to defeat the Taliban.

The current deployment of US troops to Afghanistan, totaling nearly four thousand under the Obama’s Administration, set out to defeat the Taliban and its re-emergence is timely as the threat of terrorism is escalating and the re-emergence of several terrorist groups such as Jemaah Islamiyah in Southeast Asia, whom most of its new recruits are being trained in the boarders of Afghanistan and Pakistan, are beginning to threaten the Southeast Asia region more than ever. The current threats to Southeast Asia are the security of the regions waterways as well as the escalating threat in Southern Thailand the Mindanao Island of the Philippines and the Sulu waters where weapons smuggling is rampant.

Operation “Strike of the Sword“ or dubbed “Operation Khanjar“ is making a new start for the Obama’s Administration to address the Taliban threats and to initiate a new dimension in fighting the “war on terror“. The offensive is backed by Afghan and British troops working closely in the operations. The Obama’s Administration has declared the Taliban threat in Afghanistan and neighboring Pakistan to be the main foreign threat to US soil.The operation marks the first big test of Washington’s new regional strategy to defeat the Taliban and its allies and stabilize Afghanistan. This is inline with helping to secure Afghanistan in the upcoming Presidential elections to be held in August of 2009.

The new approach to “Operation Khanjar“ will ensure the safety of civilians and limit casualties as well as to “winning the hearts and minds“ of the Afghan people. The Obama’s Administration has wowed to send in more humanitarian aid and relevant agencies to assist on the ongoing re-construction of Afghanistan when it finally secures the country. The approach will also address the issues pertaining to understanding cultural and societal ways and working closely with the people of Afghanistan.

In a statement by Brigadier General Larry Nicholson, the commanding general in Afghanistan, “Operation Khanjar is different from other major offensives that have occurred before, such as its massive size of the force introduced and the speed at which it will insert“. It would also see US troops remaining in place, building and working toward a transition of all security responsibilities to Afghan forces.

Meanwhile, Pakistan is finally on the offensive in coordination with the U.S. and Afghanistan. They are deploying more troops to the border to prevent the Taliban refuge when fleeing from the new onslaught. This comes on top of the Pakistan Army greatly pressing Taliban fighters along the border the past weeks. More now than ever, Pakistan is acting as if it is committed to fighting the Taliban. The military in recent days has expanded a high-stakes offensive along the Afghan border, while the government enjoys wide public support, even as casualties and refugees mount. The Pakistani military has since taken back the Swat Valley and shifted its sights to such tribal regions as Waziristan.

The decision to give the Swat Valley to the Taliban earlier this year, was in reality Pakistani’s way to lure non-Taliban members to leave the valley and hence to solely concentrate to target and defeat the Taliban. This however had it share of failures but the initial stand proved to be of a success in engaging the Taliban at a disclosed province. With the current offensive by the US and the engagement of the Pakistani military in the boarders of Afghanistan and Pakistan, is the days of the Taliban seem to be coming to a step closer to a defeat? Lastly, the US would still need to actively engage more cautiously and provide assurance to the transition and security of the Afghan people when it finally stabilizes the country.

Andrin Raj(andrin.raj@staratad.net)is Director/Security and Terrorism Analyst for Stratad Asia Pacific Strategic Centre (SAPSC) and Director for Chapter-SEA for the International Association for Counterterrorism and Security Professionals. He is a Visiting Fellow at the Japan Institute for International Affairs (JIIA) 2008-99.He is also one of the founding members of the Turkish Think Tank Dialogue (TOD TURKEY) of the Turkish Asian Center For Strategic Studies (TASAM) based in Istanbul, Turkey. The views expressed are of his own and does not reflect those of SAPSC, IACSP, TOD TURKEY, TASAM or JIIA.

This content is protected by Copyright under the Trademark Certificate. It may be partially quoted, provided that the source is cited, its link is given and the name and title of the editor/author (if any) is mentioned exactly the same. When these conditions are fulfilled, there is no need for additional permission. However, if the content is to be used entirely, it is absolutely necessary to obtain written permission from TASAM.

Areas

Continents ( 5 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 451 ) Actiivities ( 215 )
Areas
Africa 0 144
Asia 0 228
Europe 0 38
Latin America & Carribean 0 34
North America 0 7
Regions ( 4 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 173 ) Actiivities ( 51 )
Areas
Balkans 0 93
Middle East 0 59
Black Sea and Caucasus 0 16
Mediterranean 0 5
Identity Fields ( 2 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 175 ) Actiivities ( 71 )
Areas
Islamic World 0 146
Turkish World 0 29
Turkey ( 1 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 210 ) Actiivities ( 54 )
Areas
Turkey 0 210

Üstüne inceleme yapılan devletin, “modern devlet” yani “burjuva devleti” olduğunu hatırlatmak gerekir. Ancak burada, Pierre Clastres’nin1 ilkel (ilksel) toplulukların, siyasal yapılanmalarıyla “devlete karşı” topluluklar oldukları ve ilksel halkların tarihinin devlete karşı mücadeleler tarihi olduğu...;

Klasik diplomasiye ekonomik, sosyal, kültürel ve insani alanlarda açılım imkanı sunan kalkınma işbirliğindeki aktörlerin etkili koordinasyonu için proje, program ve proaktif inovasyon desteği sağlamak üzere kurulan TASAM Kalkınma ve İşbirliği Enstitüsü’nün resmî internet sitesi yenilendi.;

Emekli Albay Dr. Cengiz Topel Mermer’in “Yeni Soğuk Savaşın Sıcak Cephesi Himalayalar’da Çin-Hint Çatışması” isimli yeni kitabı TASAM Yayınları tarafından kitap ve e-kitap olarak yayımlandı.;

TASAM Başkan Yardımcısı Doç. Dr. Tuğgeneral (E) Fahri ERENEL ve Yüzbaşı (E) Mehmet YÜKSEL’in hazırladıkları, Kore’de, Kıbrıs’ta ve iç güvenlik muharebelerinde savaşmış bazı gazilerimizin anılarını içeren “Gazilerimizden Anılar“ kitabı TASAM Yayınları tarafından yayımlandı. ;

Border security ensures sustainable development of a state. Pakistan has the longest border with Afghanistan known as “Durand Line.“ The borderland is rugged, mountainous and porous unable to control the transition of people across the frontier. Both countries are having a history of strained relati...;

NATO’s ability to accord and shape security environment can be considered in four folds of which all are mutually integrated: Alliance’s solidarity, coherent common vision, consolidated security architecture and the capacity for rational prioritisation, and effective operational conduct. ;

Ladies and gentlemen it is nice to see you. Unfortunately, Covid 19 prevents us from getting together in real. Fortunately, we have the high communications technology at our disposal to continue to do business as usual.;

Istanbul Security Conference, which took place for the first time in Turkey in 2015, was held by TASAM’s National Defence and Security Institute on 05-06 November 2020, under the main theme “Security Institutions of the Future and Strategic Transformation After Covid-19; Army, Police, Gendarmerie, I...;

10. Balkan İletişim Ağı Konferansı

  • 28 Sep 2022 - 30 Sep 2022
  • CVK Park Bosphorus Oteli -
  • İstanbul - Türkiye

"Türkiye - Rusya İlişkileri" Konferansı

  • 22 Jun 2005 - 22 Jun 2005
  • İstanbul - Türkiye

3. Denizcilik ve Deniz Güvenliği Forumu 2021

  • 04 Nov 2021 - 05 Nov 2021
  • İstanbul - Türkiye

İngiltere’nin II. Dünya Savaşı sonrasında Hint Altkıtası’ndan çekilmek zorunda kalması sonucunda, 1947 yılında, din temelli ayrışma zemininde kurulan Hindistan ve Pakistan, İngiltere’nin bu coğrafyadaki iki asırlık idaresinin bütün mirasını paylaştığı gibi bıraktığı sorunlu alanları da üstlenmek dur...

Gündem 2063, Afrika'yı geleceğin küresel güç merkezine dönüştürecek yol haritası ve eylem planıdır. Kıtanın elli yıllık süreci kapsayan hedeflerine ulaşma niyetinin somut göstergesidir.

Geçmişte büyük imparatorluklar kuran Çin ve Hindistan, 20. asırda boyunduruktan kurtularak bağımsızlıklarına kavuşmuş ve ulus inşa sorunlarını aştıkça geçmişteki altın çağ imgelerinin cazibesine kapılmıştır.

Türkiye ile Avrupa Birliği (AB) ilişkilerinin bugünü ve geleceğinin ele alındığı Avrupa Birliği Sempozyumu, Türk Asya Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi (TASAM) ile Türk Avrupa Bilimsel ve Eğitimsel Araştırmalar Vakfı (TAVAK) işbirliğinde 02 Şubat 2018’de İstanbul Taksim Hill Otel’de gerçekleştirildi.

Soğuk savaşın ardından, “yeni dünya düzeni“ olarak adlandırılan dönem, hegomonik bir güç olarak beliren ABD’nin “büyük vaadi“ ile başladı: “Demokrasiyi dünyada yaygınlaştırmak“. Bu “büyük“ vaad, yoksulluk, adaletsizlik ve şiddet dolu bir dünyayı kurmak biçiminde gerçekleşti ve iki “siyasi/askeri“ ar...

1 - İKT Üyesi Ülkeler Düşünce Kuruluşları Forumu 28 - 30 Ocak 2010 tarihleri arasında İstanbul’da yapıcı ve samimi bir ortam içinde cereyan etmiştir.

Türk Asya Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi (TASAM) bünyesinde yaptığımız bilimsel çalışmalar ile Dünya ve Türkiye’deki gelişmeleri kavrama ve analiz etmeye yönelik çabalarımızın ortaya koyduğu açık bir gerçek var: Aktörleri, kuralları, vizyonu eskisinden çok farklı olan yeni bir uluslararası sistem il...

Öncelikle, başta TASAM (Türkasya Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi) ve yöneticileri olmak üzere, bu gezinin gerçekleşmesi için emek ve kaynak harcamış olan tüm tüzel kuruluşlara ve özel insanlara teşekkürle başlamalıyım.