Strategic Thinking Perspectives About Colloborationin The Middle East Region

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Since the beginning of industrial revolution, willing of possessing energy has always been a primary concept which shapes the national and international policies of the governments. ...

1.INTRODUCTION

Since the beginning of industrial revolution, willing of possessing energy has always been a primary concept which shapes the national and international policies of the governments. World population growth and rapid technological developments  increase the energy demand which also means an increase in the demand of obtaining  the energy resources, especially the fossil fuels. However fossil fuels have an unbalanced distribution through the regions. Because of this imbalance, global stability has been decreasing.  As a result international tensions, socio-economical crisis occur around the world (Dincer, Midilli, 2006).

From the point of view, it can be seen that Middle East may be the one of the most unstable regions that have conflicts due to the reasons that are mentioned. The conflicts can be seen as localized civil wars, as in the Sudan, to country-specific wars, as in Iraq and Afghanistan, to chronic, region-wide antagonisms, as with the Palestine-Israeli conflict. These conflicts not only effects the countries of they occur but also effects the countries which have relationships with these countries such as Turkey. As a neighbour of the Middle East Countries and a intersection point of the Middle East and Europe, Turkey becomes one of the key players in this region by trying to manage the crisis in Middle East with the strategy of zero problems with its neighbour. But by the United States withdrawing from Middle East, Turkey has been forced to new win-win strategies for Middle East along to maintain being a power in Middle East.

However it should be emphasized that the new strategies on Middle East should be result of a strategic thinking process which takes the region as a new establishing organization. It should also be in mind that actions on Middle East have to take account the benefits of the people of this region. Thus maybe one of the effective strategies of Turkey on Middle East that can be resulted with the common advantage is establishing colloborations in socio-economical issues.

Based on perceptions discussed, the aim of this study is to present a strategic thinking framework for establishing effective colloboration in Middle East.  After the introduction part, strategic thinking process is introduced. In the third chapter, the Turkey’s capabilities are lodged through the steps of strategic thinking process.  Last, conclusion is given.

2. STRATEGIC THINKING

Life is an ecology of systems which goes from simplicity to complexity. Every living system is a subsystem of a bigger system. In this hyerarchical structure, cells constitutes tissues, tissues constitute humans, humans constitutes groups, groups constitutes organizations and organizations constitutes communities such as publics. To be able to survive as a living system requires to be in consistency with the environment, to be able to compete and to have flexibility in complexity. Harmonizing to a competitive environment and having capabilities to change the environment give the decision of who will be survived or who will command the game. All in all, obtaining existence in the long term is a function of adaptation to environment and it requires to be adapted to future from this very moment (McMaster, 1996).  But it is also requires winning which needs “making war”. And probably for this reason, the term of the strategy which is used for creating the intended future, is based on the term of strategia which means army in Greek (Nichols, 2003).

The concept of strategy has been borrowed from the military and adapted for use in business. Strategy is defined as “the art of distributing and applying military means to fulfill the ends of the policy” (Hart,1967).  The business world takes this definition by deleting the term of military. By the context, Steiner depict the term of strategy as the necessary actions to realize the basic directional decisions for purposes and missions. He emphasized that strategy should answer the questions of what an organization should be doing and what the ends we seek are and how we can achieve these ends. After Steiner, Henry Mintzberg (1994) introduced a topology of strategy that evaluated the concept as a planning process. He argued that strategy is a plan that includes pattern of actions for getting from the current situation to the visionary future. 
When thinking is pronounced with the concept of strategy, it connote evaluating an issue with all aspects, focusing  and giving the attention to that subject, being able to ask questions, being able to forecasting, making plans and decisions for creating competitive advantage. Strategic thinking (ST) that refers to the integration of various mental processing activities is a complex phenomenon. It can’t be explained as only a strategic planning or strategic analyzing (Mintzberg,1994; Liedtka, 1998).  Although the strategic thinking concept’s comprehensive structure is accepted in the literature, a consensus couldn’t be introduced for this phenomenon.

Wilson (1994), Mintzberg (1994), Heracleus (1998), Liedtka(1998)  have defined the strategic thinking concept from different perspectives.  Wilson and Mintzberg focused on if strategic thinking was different form strategic planning. While Wilson presented ST as a new and updated version of strategic planning, Mintzberg emphasized that ST was a synthesizing process that introduced a comprehensive perspective. Heracleus, Liedtka, Stewart and Bonn argued the concept of ST in organizational behavioral aspects. Expressly, Liedtka (1998) proposed a model based on five conceptions, shown in Figure 1,  that considered ST as a special approach (Veziroglu et al., 2008) which is used in this study.

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Areas

Continents ( 5 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 406 ) Actiivities ( 172 )
Areas
Africa 65 135
Asia 75 208
Europe 13 28
Latin America & Carribean 12 30
North America 7 5
Regions ( 4 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 167 ) Actiivities ( 44 )
Areas
Balkans 22 92
Middle East 18 56
Black Sea and Caucasus 2 15
Mediterranean 2 4
Identity Fields ( 2 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 172 ) Actiivities ( 66 )
Areas
Islamic World 51 143
Turkish World 15 29
Turkey ( 1 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 197 ) Actiivities ( 48 )
Areas
Turkey 48 197

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